You are in [Places] [High Street Properties] [Demolished for Railway Bridge (West)]
[-->18 High Street] [-->19 High Street]

Summary:

Earliest information: c1753
Original estate:
Common Rights? Yes (Frontage 45ft; 2 horses or 4 cows)
Date of current building: 1966
Listed? No

Thumbnail History:

The first railway bridge spanned the High Street in 1862. Follow this link for more on the Railway in Hungerford.

Prior to this there were two properties on the site, one "late Sherwoods, quit rent 2s 6d", and another "late Webb's, quit rent 2d.".

Photo Gallery:

- Railway Bridge, Feb 2007

Timeline:

North Side:

<1753 Webb

1753 (QR) John Sherwood for his house, q.r. 2s 6d [=19 HS]
- And for his house late Webb, q.r. 2d.

1774-80 (NH) Thomas Knight for House late Sherwoods 2s 6d [=19 HS]
- And for his house late Webbs, q.r. 2d
1795 (NH) Thomas Knight for house late Shermans 2s 6d [=19 HS]
- And for house late Webb, q.r. 2d.

1805 (NH) Peter Knight for house late Thomas Knight 2s 6d [=19 HS]
- And for house late Webbs, later James Hall, q.r.2d.
1818 (NH) Peter Knight for house late Thomas Knight, 2s 6d. [=19 HS]
- And for house late Webb's, later Elizabeth Coxhead , q.r. 2d.

1841 (CS) William Robert Hall (40), solicitor. (Unclear if he was in south or north side at this time)
1851 (CS)
1861 (CS) William Hall (60), retired solicitor.

1862 Railway Bridge built

1932 (QR) GWR: A house formerly Webb's, afterwards Knight's, then Coxhead's and late the trustees of Mrs H. Hogsflesh. q.r. 2d.

South Side:

1781 (CL) John Hidden

1807 (CL) John Westall

1819 (EA) Hall (name in rear part of burgage plot)

1841 (CS) William Robert Hall (40), solicitor. (Unclear if he was in south or north side at this time)
1841 (CS) Margaret Hall (80)
1847 (CL) "Before railway: William Robert Hall".
1847 (CL) William Robert Hall (owner) – himself (occupant)
1851 (CS) William Hall (50) Magistrate's Clerk
1861 (CL) "Before railway: William Robert Hall".
1861 (CS) William Hall (60), retired solicitor. [William Hall donated the Town Hall clock to the town in ?1862.]

Railway Bridge:

1862 1st railway bridge built (single track)

1896 2nd railway bridge built (double track)

1896 (CL) Berks & Hants Extension Railway, for "House pulled down, late Hall's).
1914 (CL) Berks & Hants Extension Railway, for "House pulled down, late Hall's).
1932 (QR) GWR: A house late W.R. Hall, q.r. 4d. [NH: No trace of this house in QR - ?Hungerford Englefield?]
1947 (CL) Great Western Railway
1952 (CL) British Railways
1956 (CL) British Railways
1963 (CL) British Railways

1966 3rd railway bridge built

1968 (CL) British Railways
1970 (CL) British Railways
1976 (CL) Void
1990 (CL) Void
1992 Repainted in GWR colours – Brown and Cream

From Norman Hidden papers:

No.19HS? North (surely south!) of G.W.R.

1552 (NH) Edward Hall – 1 tenement + ½ acre arable land late in tenure of William Dallman, and now in tenure of Robert Harold q.r.8d.

1573 (NH) Richard Mountaine 1 tenement, garden, backside, 1 close containing 2 roods in all, ½ acre land in Sandon Fee, tenant by indenture to Edmund Merivale. q.r. with a cottage 2d.

1591 John Merivall 1 tenement, garden, backside with ½ acre close 8d.

*NB: 1591 survey excludes Manor of Hungerford Englefield tenants

1605 (NH) Robert Fisher married Agnes Merivale

1609 (NH) Robert Fyssher tenement and backside + ½ acre arable Thomas Smith as his freehold q.r.8d.

1638 ?m.q.p.m? Thomas Smith held 2 messuages, 2 curtilages, 2 gardens, 1 acre meadow. [passed on marriage to Seymor]

1552 (NH)?Thomas Knight in right of his wife 1 tenement and lands called Dymes and for land called Showlandes and 1 acre in Pidden and 2 other acres once in tenure of John Togull(?) now in tenure of John Lovelacke 2s 4d.

1573 (NH) Not traceable

1609 (NH) Not traceable

1676 (NH) Not traceable

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2 burgages. For centuries these two properties, near the old market on the west side of High Street, were occupied by butchers. NH has marked them (a) and (b).

The following is annotated by NH as G.W.R. (a):

c.1470 Henry Gunter, 5/8 burgage. Late Sir Walter Hungerford Kt., previously William Iremonger, q.r. 5d.

1552 Sir William Essex Kt., 1 tenement with 2 ½ acres of land, premises late in possession of John Gunter and now in tenure of William Rutter, q.r. 6d.

1573 William Rutter als Standish – 1 tenement, garden, backside and 2 ½ acres in Sandon Fee (viz. 1 acre in Breach, ½ acre in Homefield, two ½ acres in Pidden). Tenant at will for a term of life to George Essex Esq., in right of the latter's freehold, q.r.5d.

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The following is annotated by NH as G.W.R. (b): [However, note that it appears to HP to relate to 17HS, see above]

c.1470 Dom. Thomas Haselden chaplain – ¼ burgage, late Robert Drew formerly (unknown), q.r 2d.

1552 Heirs of Thomas Truslowe, 1 tenement late in tenure of the said William, now in tenure of John Michell, q.r.2d. The "Said William" is presumably the William Rutter als Standish of the preceeding entry – G.W.H. (a)).

1573 Richard Browne. 1 tenement, garden, backside, tenant by indenture for term of life to John Truslove in right of the latter's freehold, q.r.2d. [A John Truslove was defendant in D.L. suit DL1/66/E3 dated 1566 brought by Henry Edes concerning a BVM chantry lease of its property in Newbury, son of one Joan Truslove widow 1555]

1579 Richard Browne "the butcher" buried in Hungerford 20 Oct 1579. A Dean of Sarum inventory and bond exists (taken upon his death by his neighbours and at least one other butcher), which reveals that the house contained a hall, chamber, buttery, well house, and shop. The inventory lists "2 hand cleavers, a cutting knife, two hooks, one "ter" of mutton and a target (?=chopping board)". The reference to a well-house is unusual. He left a widow Margaret, to whom the business no doubt descended.

1591 John Truslove – 1 tenement, garden, backside (+2 ½ acres arable erased) now in tenure of Richard Robinson q.r. 2d. [This Richard Robinson is probably "Richard Robinson als Hunt butcher whose wife was buried in 1597 and who (as Richard Hunte) lost a servant and a kinsman in the same year – possibly of plague?]

1600 HCB: J. Truslove

1609 Richard Robinson, tenement and backside from Richard Tuslove, whose freehold it was, q.r. 2d. [Richard Truslove, heir of John Truslove, was admitted freeholder at the Hocktide Court of 1600. In 1621 Richard Truslove was in turn succeeded by his heir John Truslow. In 1630 John Truslowe's tenements were purchased by John Goldsmith (Hocktide Court). An inquisition post mortem on John Goldsmith 25 Aug 1640 states that he held 1 messuage + 1 acre of land and pasture in Hungerford on the west side of the High Street, lately purchased of John Truslow gent. His son Thomas aged 26 was his heir. In 1648 the Hocktide Court book accords that Henry Robinson als Hunt paid his fee for admission as freeholder in respect of lands which had been Goldsmith's and which he has by purchase from Joseph Sare. Henry is listed as a freesuitor in 1652. He was probably succeeded by Thomas Robinson who was admitted 1655, and is still listed in 1672, In 1673 John Bacon replaced him by purchase, but see also 1674. At this stage tracks become confused, because nothing in the H.C.B. shows a successor to Thomas Robinson; indeed the 1680 list of commoners contains two Thomas Robinsons, viz. senior and junior. Beyond this therefore it would at this stage be unsafe to conjecture further]

1621 HCB: R. Truslove

1630 HCB: John Goldsmith

1648 HCB: Goldsmith Robinson als Hunt

1768 Berks Poll Book: Thomas Hawkesworth junior freehold of 1 messuage in Hungerford, occupied by self

The low quit rent – 2d p.a. – helps to identify the descent of this property whenever a change is recorded. Thus it may be seen to be payable by John Bradford in 1676, by Charles Thomas the feltmaker in 1753, and by Thomas Hawksworth in 1774. This was probably the Thomas Hawksworth junior listed as a voter in the 1768 Berkshire Poll Book as entitled to vote as a freeholder in Hungerford of one messuage; he himself occupied the house. He was still paying the quit rent in 1795 and 1805; but at some date after 1818 it passed to Robert Lye who held it in 1832 and 1836.

In the 1920s and 30s it was owned by Mr Killick, and then F. Barnard.

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*NB Unclear (at present) whether the following apply to the East (rather than West) side (HLP)

Farley's Lands:

See V.C.H. Berks IV p.190 re Ponzardesland and Ralph Farley. These lands would seem to be in the area of La Hulle.

1470

Tenement of Robert Tukhill junior 1¼ burgages late Walter Hungerford Kt formerly Walter Farley q.r.10d (T/S p.4)

John Tuckhill holds certain lands in Sandon Fee called Farley's lands late Walter Hungerford Kt q.r. 6s 8d (T/S p.6)

1552 John Clydesdale 1 tenement and a parcel of land called Farley's lands late in tenure of Thomas Togell and now in tenure of William Cannye q.r. 7s 4d (T/S p.5)

1573 Ralph Hatt as tenant by indenture to Thomas Hidden als Clydesdale in the right of his freehold holds 1 tenement, garden, backside +

1 ½ acres meadow in Woodmarsh of Lammas ground

½ acre pasture in Church Croft as the field lies

33 acres in Sandon Fee: 16 acres Breach, 5 ½ Home Field, 5 ½ Middlefield, 2 acres Pidden, 4 acres Westbrookes.

*NB Some of this, esp items a and b, seem more like Priory lands.

1609 Thomas Cannon holds from John Hidden als Clydesdale as his freehold 1 tenement and backside + 1 ½ acres meadow in Woodmarsh, ½ acre pasture in Church Croft, + 30 acres arable q.r. 7s 6d.

In 1617 John Clydesdale sold to John Austin the (see Feet of Fine details)

1617 PCC will John Austin of Shalbourne bequeaths these lands to his daughter Elizabeth, reversion to Alice.

1617/18 Vincent Smith married Elizabeth Ashton, by licence. Vincent Smith died 1627 (his wife was then Margaret), so the Vincent who married Elizabeth Ashton will have been Vincent junior, who receives the bequest of a chantry barn, PCC will probate 1629, Thomas, son and executor.

No Smith appears in Hocktide C,.B. until 1629 when Thomas Smith was admitted. Smith appears on a list of free suitors in 1630, 1640. He died 1645, and in his will leaves a bequest to his son-in-law Nicholas Burch. [The Thomas Smith who remains in the freeholders lists and awards of 1650 is his son]. Burch sells "land late Thomas Smith" to Thomas Robinson in 1659?

In 1676 rent roll the property is distinguishable – "Walter Bosley for his house and Frayes land q.r. 7s 6d"

In 1753 it would seem to be Mr (?Dr) John Sherwood's q.r. 2s 6d [possibly the lands have been severed from the tenement?]

John Sherwood, Batchelor of Physic. Born at Gilbornes, Sutton Courtney, 28 July 1666. Died 25 May 1730.

Also Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Nicholas Pottenger of redding, Esq., born 9 Feb 1660, died 30 April 1732.

Also Thomas, youngest son, born 1 July 1705, died 28 Dec 1708.

Also John Sherwood (the apothecary) son of above John and Elizabeth, died 13th March 1754, aged 53 yrs.

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Thomas Smith, gentleman.

Inquisition taken at Marlborough, 28th August 14 Charles I [1638], before William Morse, gent., escheator, after the death of Thomas Smith, gent., by the oath of Robert .... Thomas Waldron, Thomas Stephens, Walter Stretch, William Smith, Richard Kingsman, William Smith, junior, William Woodley, Stephen Johnson, William Withers, gent., Christopher Lippyate, Richard Webb, Richard Mortymer, William Stanmore, John . . , . . Holloway, and Nicholas Leyland, who say that

Thomas Smith was seised of the capital messuage and farm of Yatesbury; of 2 messuages, 2 cottages, 2 barns, 2 gardens, 2 orchards, 40 acres of land, 20 acres of meadow, 40 acres of pasture, 6 acres of wood, 20 acres of furze and heath and common of pasture for 20 beasts and 100 sheep in Ham, Cleeves Pepper, and Cottmarsh ; 8 messuages, 2 barns, 3 gardens, 3 orchards, 150 acres of land, 20 acres of meadow, 100 acres of pasture, 20 acres of wood, and 20 acres of furze and heath in Soley, West Soley, and Chilton alias Chilton Folliatt; 8 messuages, i cottage, i toft, 1 curtilage, 6 barns, 8 gardens, 140 acres of land, 16 acres of meadow, 46 acres of pasture, 36 acres of wood, 4 acres of furze and heath and common of pasture for all beasts in Eastgarston, Woodland Eastgarston, and Bockhampton, co. Berks; 1messuage, 2 virgates of land in Eastbury, Chepinge, Wycombe, Lambourne, and Blagraves, co. Berks; 1 messuage and 2 virgates of land in Offington alias Uffington, co. Berks; 2 messuages and 1 virgate of land in Lamborne Woodland, co. Berks; and 2 messuages., 2 curtilages, 2 gardens, 1 acre of .meadow and common of pasture for all beasts in Hungerford, co. Berks.

So seised, a fine was levied in 3 weeks from Michaelmas, 8 Charles I [1632], of the said premises between Francis Seymour, knt., plaintiff, and the said Thomas. Smith, and Mary his wife, deforciants, to wit, the said Thomas and Mary acknowledged the same to be the right of the said Francis as those which he had of their gift, and the same remised to him and his heirs for ever: which said fine was had in consideration of a marriage then lately solemnized, to wit, on the 4th August then last past, between Charles Seymour, esq., son and heir apparent of the said Francis Seymour and Mary, daughter of the said Thomas Smith, to the intent that the said Charles and Mary, after the last day of March, in the year 1635, should take for their natural lives, if the said Thomas Smith so long should live, out of the premises above mentioned an annuity of £200; and also to the intent that after the death of the said Thomas Smith the said Mary his wife, should take an annuity of £30 out of the premises. As to all the said premises after the death of the said Thomas Smith, to the use of the said Charles Seymour for his life; and after his decease, to the use of the said Mary the daughter for her life; after her decease, to the use of her heirs by the said Charles Seymour, if she should die before the said Charles; and afterward to the use of the heirs of the said Charles by the said Mary if the said Charles should predecease the said Mary; and for default, to the use of the said Charles and Mary and their heirs for ever; which said uses are specified in an indenture dated last day of August, 8 Charles I [1632], made between the said Thomas Smith and Mary his wife of the one part and the said Francis Seymour of the other part.

After the making of the said indenture and fine, to wit, on the 2nd day of February, 10 Charles I [1635], the said Charles Seymour attained the age of 14 years., and within the space of one month, that is to say, on the 26th day of February in the said year, agreed to the said marriage at Marlborough, and the said Mary, being then aged 12 years and more, consented to the same, whereby the said marriage became absolute and indissoluble.

The said Charles and Mary still .survive, but have no issue.

The premises in Yatesbury are held of the King as of his Duchy of Lancaster, by knight's service, to wit, by half a knight's fee, and are worth per annum, clear, 100s. The premises in Ham, Cleeve Pepper, and Cottmarsh, are held of Francis Goddard, esq., as of his manor of Cleeve Pepper, by fealty, suit at court, and the yearly rent of 10s., and are worth per annum, clear, 20s. The premises in Soley, West Soley, and Chilton are held of the King as of his honour of Wallingford, by knight's service, but by what part of a knight's fee the jurors know not, and are worth per annum, clear, 30s. The lands and common of pasture in Eastgarston, Woodland, Eastgarston and Bockhampton are held of the King as of his honour of Tutburie, co. Stafford, by knight's service, but by what part of a knight's fee the jurors know not, and are worth per annum, clear, l0s. The premises in Eastbury, ..Cheping, Lamborne, and Blagroves are held of John Clerke, esq., of his manor of Eastbury, co. Berks, by fealty, suit at court, and the yearly rent of 13s 1 ½ d., and are worth per annum, clear, 5s. The tenements in Offington are held of the King as of his honour and castle of Windsor, co. Berks, in free socage, by the yearly rent of 18d., and are worth per annum, clear, 5s. The lands in Lamborne Woodland are held of — Lord Craven as of his manor of Lamborne, co. Berks, by fealty, suit at court, and the yearly rent of 53s 6d., and are worth per annum, clear, 6s. 8d. The premises in Hungerford are held of his [sic] manor and borough of Hungerford,. co, Berks, in free and common socage, by fealty, suit at the court called the Hocktide Court, and the yearly rent of 12d., and are worth per annum, clear, 2s.

Thomas Smith died at Marlborough,. 13th November, 13 Charles I [1637]; the said Mary, now the wife of the said Charles Seymour, is his only daughter and next heir, and on the 3rd day of July last past was aged 16 years and not more.

The said Mary, late the wife of the said Thomas Smith, still survives at Marlborough.

Inq. P.m. 14 Charles I, pt. 2, No. 152.