In the 18th century (1700-1799) the population of Hungerford nearly doubled, from just over 1,000 to around 2,000 (see Population and Censuses).
In the 17th century, the largest group of workers (43%) [other than farm workers] were involved in the cloth trade. By the 18th century, this was changing, and an increasing number of more specialised skills and trades were developing. The following summary was produced by Julie Shuttleworth from wills and other accounts:
- 1680-1700 mason, currier, butcher, glazier, labourer, tanner.
- 1701-1720 taylor, clothworker, weaver, malster (2), saddler, blacksmith, vintner, painter, fellmonger, mercer, woolcomber
- 1721-1740 baker, collarmaker (2), mason, saddler, wheelwright, grocer, collarmaker, tallow chandler
- 1741-1760 collarmaker, basketmaker, butcher, baker, innholder (2), schoolmaster, saddler, joiner, tanner, pedlar/chapman
- 1761-1780 innholder, glover, malster, victualler (2), wheelwright, hatter, corn chandler
- 1781-1800 staymaker, mercer, dealer in china, cabinet maker, miller, victualler.
For a more complete list of individual named traders, see Named Traders in 18th Century Hungerford.
Inhabitants of Hungerford and their trades, 1795:
A transcribed list of the inhabitants and many of their occupations and trades, transcribed by Eileen Bunt. See Inhabitants of Hungerford and their trades, 1795.
Berkshire Directory, 1796
A fairly comprehensive list of trades and traders was published in the Berkshire Directory, 1796