You are in [Events] [1830 Agricultural "Swing" Riots] [Berkshire to Botany Bay - Tables & Sources]

TABLE 1. NUMBER OF PERSONS TRIED BY THE BERKSHIRE SPECIAL COMMISSIONS (DECEMBER 1830 - JANUARY 1831)

READING/ABINGDON/BERKSHIRE/SW BERKS ONLY/KINTBURY

DEATH RECORDED: 26/1/27/26/15
EXECUTED: 1/-/1/1/1

TRANSPORTION: 44/1/45/20/13
- for LIFE: 10/-/10/10/9
- for 14 Years: 16/1/17/1/-
- for 7 Years: 18/-/18/9/4

IMPRISONMENT
- 18 months: 13/3/16/8/2
- 12 months: 22/10/32/13/6
- 9 months: 1/9/10/1/1
- 6 months: 6/5/11/2/-
- 3 months: 1/5/6/-/-
- 2 months: -/4/4/-/-
- 14 days: -/1/1/-/-

DISCHARGED or ACQUITTED. 50/9/59/25/18

TOTALS 138/47/185/70/41

TABLE 2. SOUTH-WEST BERKSHIRE ONLY.

DEATH RECORDED / EXECUTED / TRANSPORTED / IMPRISONED / ACQUITTED / TOTAL

KINTBURY: 15 1 13 9 18 41
HUNGERFORD: 11 - 5* 14 5 24
WEST WOODHAY: - - 2 1 1 4
INKPEN: - - - - 1 1
TOTALS: 26 1 20* 24 25 70

* One Hungerford man, Joseph Smith, was not in fact transported - he remained in the Portsmouth hulks until he died there on 19th January 1837.

TABLE 3. PERSONS FROM S.W. BERKS TRIED AT SPECIAL ASSIZE, READING.

Key:
(D) - DEATH recorded
D.T.M. - Destroying Threshing Machines.
D.F.M. - Destroying Fixed Machinery (Robert Gibbon's Iron Foundry.)
D.M.W.T. - Destroying Machinery wih threats.
F.D.F. - Forcibly demanding food.
R.A. - Riotous Assembly.

NAME / INDICTMENTS / SENTENCE IMPOSED:

William SMITH (alias WINTERBOURN) (Robbery (13) D.T.M.(3);D.F.M.(1) (D) Executed
John ALDRIDGE D.T.M. (2) Trans. N.S.W.- 7 years.
Daniel BATES (Robbery (2); (D.T.M. (1); D.F.M. (1) (D)Trans. V.D.L. - LIFE.
Cornelius BENNETT Robbery (3); D.T.M. (1) Trans. N.S.W. - 7 years.
Isaac BURTON D.T.M. (1) ditto
William CARTER Robbery (4) (D)Trans. N.S.W.- 7 years.
Alfred DARLING Robbery (7); D.T.M. (4); (D)Trans. N.S.W. - LIFE.
Charles GREEN D.T.M. (2); F.D.F. (1) Trans. N.S.W. - 7 years
Jason GREENWAY D.T.M. (1) ditto
Thomas GOODFELLOW Robbery (2); D.T.M. (4) Trans. N.S.W. - 14 years.
David HAWKINS (Robbery (1); D.T.M.(1) (D.F.M. (1); R.A. (1) (D)Trans. V.D.L. - LIFE.
Timothy MAY D.F.M. (1) (D)Trans. N.S.W.- 7 years.
Joseph NICHOLAS Robbery (1) (D)Trans. N.S.W. - LIFE.
Francis NORRIS Robbery (6); D.T.M. (2) (D)Trans. V.D.L. - LIFE.
William OAKLEY Robbery (3) (D)Trans. N.S.W. - LIFE.
Robert PAGE Robbery (2) Trans. N.S.W. - 7 years.
William PAGE Robbery (1) (D)Trans. N.S.W. - LIFE.
Thomas RADBOURN Robbery (3) (D)Trans. N.S.W.- 7 years.
William SIMS Robbery (2) (D)Trans. N.S.W. - LIFE.
Joseph SMITH D.T.M. (2); F.D.F. (1) 7 years trans.- died in hulks - 19th January,1837.
Edmund STEEL Robbery (3); D.F.M. (1) (D)Trans. V.D.L. - LIFE.
Joseph TUCK D.F.M. (1) (D)Trans. N.S.W.- 7 years.
William WAVING D.T.M. (1) Trans. N.S.W. - 7 years.
William WESTALL Robbery (2) (D)Trans. N.S.W. - LIFE
Elijah BAKER D.T.M. (1) 12 months Hard Labour
Charles BATES (Robbery (1); R.A. (1) (D.M.W.T. (1) (D)12 months Hard Labour.
William CHITTER D.F.M. (1); R.A. (1) (D) 6 months Hard Labour.
John COPE D.F.M. (1); (D)12 months Hard Labour.
Thomas DANCE Breaking windows. 12 months Hard Labour.
Jeremiah DOBSON D.F.M. (D)12 months Hard Labour.
John FIELDD.F.M. ditto
Jacob GATER R.A. 9 months Hard Labour.
John GATER D.T.M. (1) 12 months Hard Labour.
Robert GIBBS D.T.M. (1) ditto
James GRANT D.T.M. (1) 6 months Hard Labour.
George HOLMES R.A. 12 months Hard Labour.
John JENNAWAY Robbery (1); D.T.M. (1) ditto
George LIDDIARD D.T.M. (1) 18 months Hard Labour.
Richard NUTLEY D.T.M. (1) 12 months Hard Labour.
William PEARSON (alias BRAZIER) Robbery (1); D.T.M. (2) ditto
Israel PULLEN D.F.M. (1); R.A. (D)18 months Hard Labour.
Charles ROSIERD.F.M. (1)ditto
George ROSIERD.F.M. (1)ditto
James WATTSD.F.M. (1)ditto
William WHITED.T.M. (1)12 months Hard Labour.
George WHITINGD.T.M. (2)18 months Hard Labour.
Thomas WILLOUGHBYD.F.M. (1)(D)18 months Hard Labour.
David GARLICK or (YARLICK) D.F.M. (1) (D)12 months Hard Labour.

TABLE 4. PERSONS FROM S.W. BERKS WITH "DEATH" RECORDED
AGAINST THEIR NAMES.

NAME PLACE OF ORIGIN CAPITAL CONVICTION SENTENCE

William SMITH(alias WINTERBOURN) Kintbury (2), (3), (4), (5) Hanged.
Charles BATES Kintbury (1) 12 months
H.L.Daniel BATES Kintbury (4), (5) Transported (L)
William CARTER Kintbury (2), (3) Transported (7)
William CHITTER Hungerford(5) 6 months H.L.
John COPE Hungerford(5) 12 months H.L.
Alfred DARLING Kintbury(1), (2) Transported (L)
Jeremiah DOBSON Hungerford (5) 12 months H.L.
John FIELD Hungerford (5) 12 months H.L.
David HAWKINS Hungerford (5) Transported (L)
Timothy MAY Kintbury (5) Transported (7)
Joseph NICHOLAS Kintbury (2) Transported (L)
Francis NORRIS Kintbury (1) Transported (L)
William OAKLEY Kintbury (3), (4) Transported )L)
William PAGE Kintbury (1) Transported (L)
Israel PULLEN Hungerford (5) 18 months H.L.
Thomas RADBOURN Kintbury (3) Transported (7)
Charles ROSIER Hungerford (5) 18 months H.L.
George ROSIER Hungerford (5) 18 months H.L.
William SIMS Kintbury (1), (3) Transported (L)
Edmund STEEL Kintbury (2), (3), (4), (5) Transported (L)
Joseph TUCK Hungerford (5) Transported (7)
James WATTS Kintbury(5) 18 months H.L.
William WESTALL Kintbury(2) Transported (L)
Thomas WILLOUGHBY Hungerford(5) 18 months H.L.
David GARLICK(or YARLICK) Hungerford(5) 12 months H.L.

The CAPITAL OFFENCES for which the prosecution sought and obtained convictions were :-
(1) Robbing William Clarkson of TWO POUNDS
(2) Robbing Joseph Randall of ONE POUND
(3) Robbing Frederick Webb of ONE POUND
(4) Robbing John Willes, Esq., of FIVE SOVEREIGNS
(5) Destroying machinery belonging to Richard Gibbons of Hungerford.

Sentences:
(L) - Transported for LIFE
(7) - Transported for SEVEN YEARS
H.L. - Hard Labour.

TABLE 5. PERSONS FROM S.W. BERKS TRIED AT THE SPECIAL ASSIZE BUT ACQUITTED.

All the following are from Kintbury, unless marked:
- (E) Enborne; (H) Hungerford; (HM) Hamstead Marshall; (I) Inkpen; (WW) West Woodhay

James ANNETTS
Anthony EDWARDS
Peter KNIGHT
Thomas ARNOLD
Thomas EDWARDS
Barlow PAGE.
James BENNETT
Edward EVERETT (H)
James RANDALL
John BURGESS (I)
George GABY
William RANDALL
John CARTER
Frederick GATER
Jonathan SANDFORD
John CASBOURN
Henry GATER
Charles SMITH (H)
William COX
William HAYNES (H)
George STURGESS (H)
Thomas DARLING
Henry HONEY (WW)
James WILKINS (H)
George DOPSON

TABLE 6. PERSONS FROM S.W. BERKS ARRESTED BUT NOT COMMITTED FOR TRIAL(DISCHARGED UNDER THEIR OWN OR OTHER RECOGNIZENCES).

All the following are from Kintbury, unless marked:
- (E) Enborne; (H) Hungerford; (HM) Hamstead Marshall; (I) Inkpen; (WW) West Woodhay

Daniel AIRES, Thomas GILES, Robert MATTINGLEY, James ARNOLD, James GOATLEY, Henry NORMAN (H), John ARNOLD, George GREEN, James PAGE, Charles BAKER (I), James GREEN, George PALMER, Charles BAXEY (I), Charles GROVE, James PALMER, George BENNETT, John GROVE (HM), Robert PALMER, Stephen BIRCH, James HAMBLIN (I), John RADBOURN (I), William BIRD, John HAMBLIN, Charles SIMS, ..?.. BOULTING, Thomas HARRISON, Benjamin SMART, William BREADMAN, Charles HEPBURN, Henry SMART, Stephen BUTLER, Richard HIBBERT (E), Thomas SMITH, Thomas BUTLER, Henry HOLDEN (I), John STRATFORD, William CLEMENTS, William HUNTLEY, Thomas STURGESS, Henry COOK, Jacob JEFFREYS, Charles TAYLOR (I), William COOK, Thomas JEFFREYS, John TIDBURY, Charles COX, John JORDAN (I), Isaac UNDERWOOD (I), Isaac COX, Thomas LEADER, William WAIT, Thomas DOBSON (H), Richard LEADER, George WESTALL, John EDMONDS, William LEADER, Henry WHEATLAND, Dennis GIBBS (I), Charles MARSHALL, John WHEELER, Charles GILBERT, Thomas MATTHEWS, Jeosophat YORK (H)

TABLE 7. AGE, MARITAL STATUS, LITERACY and
OCCUPATION OF THOSE TRANSPORTED.

(1) From S.W. Berks. (All from KINTBURY except - H=Hungerford; WW= West Woodhay; Sh = Shefford; We = Welford).

John ALDRIDGE (H) 36 M(6) blacksmith
Daniel BATES 25 S R & W carpenter, wheelwright
Cornelius BENNETT(WW) 34 M(3) R farm labourer(p,r,milks)
Isaac BURTON (Sh) 24 S R & W tailor, 9 years.
William CARTER 30 M(2) R bricklayer, baker
Alfred DARLING 22 M R labourer (spadesman,r)
Charles GREEN (H) 27 M(1) R labourer (p,r,s)
Jason GREENWAY (We) 19 S R carter
Thomas GOODFELLOW(WW) 24 M(1) R & W blacksmith and farrier
David HAWKINS (H) 39 M(5) farm labourer
Timothy MAY 24 M(2) R f. lab.(p,r,s,milks,shears)
Joseph NICHOLAS 29 M(1) labourer (road & pondmaker)
Francis NORRIS 41 Widower R Master bricklayer
William OAKLEY 24 S R & W carpenter, wheelwright
Robert PAGE 32 M(3) R carpenter, 15 years.
William PAGE 39 M(2) brickmaker,sawyer,spadesman
Thomas RADBOURN 29 M(5) R shepherd, (milks, mows)
William SIMS 33 S R & W bricklayer,plasterer,slater
Edmund STEEL 41 M(8) R & W ploughman and maltster
Joseph TUCK (H) 29 Widower R & W groom and porter
William WAVING (We) 35 M(2) R shepherd,shears,mows,reaps
William WESTALL 20 S R gardener, brickmaker

(2) From rest of Berkshire.

Solomon ALLEN 35 M(5) R milks, p,r,s
George ARLETT 24 M(1) maltster, milks,p,r
Luke BROWN 24 S R ostler, reaps, mows
James BURGESS 21 S R farm labourer, milks, reaps
Joseph EDNEY 25 M(3) shepherd, milks,p,r
Daniel HANCOCK 24 M R papermaker, groom, reaps
Thomas HANSON 27 M(3) R Top sawyer
Edward HARRIS 25 Widower R ploughs, milks, reaps
William HAWKINS 42 M2 R&W roadmaker, reaps
Thomas HICKS 23 M(3) horsebreaker, butcher
Charles HORTON 23 S R farm labourer,reaps, milks
John HORTON 21 S R ploughs, reaps
Thomas MACKRELL 43 M(7) R & W hurdlemaker,shears,reaps
Charles MILSON 28 M(2) R & W Carpenter complete
John NASH 20 S R shepherd,milks, mows,p,r
James SIMONDS 27 S R ploughs, reaps, milks, mows
William SIMONDS 27 M(5) R ploughs, milks, reaps,sows.
Ednund VICCUS 21 S R herdsman, milks
James WEST 32 M(3) ploughs, milks, reaps
John WHEELER 25 S R farm labourer, milks, reaps
George WILLIAMS 21 S R farm labourer,milks, reaps
Stephen WILLIAMS 20 S spadesman, reaps, milks

M=married(No.of children in brackets); S=single;
R=can read ; W=can write
p=ploughs; r=reaps; s=sows.

SOURCES

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE

(1) Home Office Papers.
- H.O. 8/27 and 51 Sworn list of convicts in hulks and prisons.
- 10/32-35 Muster of prisoners (N.S.W. 1837).
- 10/50 Muster of prisoners (V.D.L. 1835).
- 11/8 Transportation Registers.
- 19/5 - 7 Register of petitions for pardons, 1830-1837.
- 27/39 & 41 Persons convicted, with indictments and sentences.
- 36/22 Requests - H.O. to Treasury - for payment.
- 40/27 Government agents reports,incl.Treasury Solicitor.
- 41/8 Correspondence - Home Secretary to local J.P.s etc.
- 52/6,7,11,12,24 Correspondence - J.P.s etc. to Home Secretary.

(2) Treasury Papers
- T.S. 11/849-851 Treasury Solicitor's Papers relating to the Berkshire Special Commissionetc.
- T.1/4193-4 Correspondence - mainly concerned with claims for rewards for arresting rioters or compensation.

(3) Admiralty Papers.
- ADM 101/23 Convict ship journals.

MITCHELL LIBRARY, SYDNEY.
- Convict Records - 4-4104; 4-4491 & 2; 4-4341 & 2; 4-4350.
- Tasmanian Papers - 26(A 10596-6)

ARCHIVES OFFICE OF TASMANIA, HOBART.
- Convict Records - CON 18-6; CON 31-4, 20, 33 & 39.

BERKSHIRE RECORD OFFICE.
- Papers relating to the 1830 riots (W.Hall, Solicitor, Hungerford.)
- Overseers Accounts Books (Kintbury, Hungerford, Avington.)
- Hungerford Union Minute Books.
- Quarter Sessions Order Books.
- Register of Electors, Berkshire, 1832.
- Farm Diary - Sulham Estate.

BODLEIAN LIBRARY.
- Professor N. Gash - unpublished M.A. thesis on 1830 riots,Berkshire.
- W.H.P. Okeden - Proc. Dorset Natural Hist. & Arch. Society, Vol III.
- W. Cobbett - Political Register ; Twopenny Trash.
- G. Rudé - "Captain Swing in N.S.W."(Historical Studies, Australia and New Zealand, April, 1965.)
- Reports of Sel. Cttees. on the State of Agriculture (1821 & 1833); and on the Sale of Beer and Drunkenness (1833 & 1834).
- Report of the Poor Law Commissioners (1834).

NATIONAL REGISTER OF ARCHIVES.
- J.S. Sharland - "The Labourers' Revolt in West Berkshire." ( N.R.A., Berks Committee, Occasional Bulletin, No. 2, October, 1953.)

READING UNIVERSITY LIBRARY.
- BER 13/3-2 Labour Book, Gooseacre Farm, Radley.
- BER 27/4-1 Notes for a History of the Craven Family - R.Craven.
- HAN 11/2-1 Farm Diary, Nether Wallop.
- OXF 20/1-1 Farm Accounts Book, Sibford Ferris.

R.U. INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL HISTORY.
- J.C. Loudon - "Encyclopedia of Agriculture" (1831).
- J.A. Ransome - "The Implements of Agriculture" (1834)
- W. Mavor - "A General View of Agriculture in Berkshire" (1809)
- W. Pearce - "A General Viewof Agriculture in Berkshire" (1794)
- C. Vancouver - "A General View of Agriculture in Hampshire" (1813)

READING PUBLIC LIBRARY.
- The Reading Mercury and the Berkshire Chronicle.
- Rules and Regulations for the Government of Reading Gaol, 1825.
- Anon - "Reading 70 Years Ago" (1887).
- M. Bowen - "A Short History of Kintbury".
- W.S. Darter -"Reminiscences of Reading ; by an Octogenarian" (1885).
- -. Doran - "The History etc. of Reading" (1835).
- Rev. J.M. Guilding - "Notable Events etc." (1895).
- Lucy E. Hodgson - "History of East Woodhay".
- F. Page - "The Principles of the English Poor Law" (1822).
- The Diary of S. Purdue, Parish Clerk, Newbury (c. 1800).
- A. Somerville - "The Whistler at the Plough".
- E. Thoyts - "History of the Royal Berks Militia.".

BOOKS and NEWSPAPERS CONSULTED.
- Newbury Weekly News
- Reading Mercury
- Berkshire Chronicle;
- Devizes & Wiltshire Gazette
- Salisbury & Winchester Journal.
- C.H. Bateson -"The Convict Ships"
- M.Clarke - "His Natural Life".
- W.Cobbett - "Rural Rides"
- T. Creevey - "The Creevy Papers" (ed. J.Gore.)
- Sir F.M.Eden-"The State of the Poor";
- Lord Ernle- "English Farming : Past & Present.".
- C.Evans - "Ask the Fellows Who Cut the Hay"; "The Farm and the Village"
- J.L. & B. Hammond - "The Village Labourer";
- E.Hobsbawm & G.Rudé-- "Captain Swing".
- E.Longford - "Wellington: Pillar of State";
- Anon - "Adventures of Ralph Rashleigh".
- G.Loveless - "The Victims of Whiggery";
- W.Money - "History of Newbury" and Newbury Weekly News, Jan. & Feb.,1898.
- (T.U.C. 1934) - "The Martyrs of Tolpuddle";
- E.P. Thompson - "The Making of the English Working Class";
- Sir L. Woodward - "The Age of Reform.".
- M.J. Pearl - "W.Cobbett: A Bibliography."
- J. Petty - "The History of the Methodist Connexion.".

See also:

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Introduction

Part 1 - Berkshire:

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 1 "Distress and consequent repair"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 2 "Now is our time"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 3 "Severity is the only remedy"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 4 "A chase tho' the country"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 5 "No friend in Heaven"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 6 "Each in his separate hell"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 7 "Aftermath"

Part 2: To "Botany Bay"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 8 "The hulks and the convict ships"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 9 "Botany Bay"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 10 "Green pastures"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 11 "Beyond the Blue Mountains"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 12 "The valley of the hunter"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Chapter 13 "Van Diemen's land"

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Postscript

- Berkshire to Botany Bay - Tables & Sources